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Historical Markers

Since 1946, PHMC's historical markers have chronicled the people, places and events that have affected the lives of Pennsylvanians over the centuries.

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John Bannister Gibson

Cumberland

16.5 miles

Distinguished jurist and author of legal books, lived in this house from about 1820 until his death, 1853; Chief Justice of the Supreme Court...

Gen. William Irvine

Cumberland

16.5 miles

Early Carlisle physician, member of Provincial Convention, Revolutionary officer, commander at Fort Pitt, occupied house that stood on this site before 1800.

St. Patrick's Church

Cumberland

16.5 miles

In 1779, Father Charles Sewall, S.J., took title to a lot here. Log structure built 1784; brick edifice in 1806. Present church erected 1893...

Gen. John Armstrong

Cumberland

16.5 miles

"Hero of Kittanning," Revolutionary officer, member of Continental Congress, County Judge, lived in a house on this site. Died at Carlisle, 1795. Buried in...

Bethel A.M.E. Church

Cumberland

16.5 miles

Among the earliest (c. 1820) African American congregations located west of the Susquehanna River. The site of Underground Railroad activity. Abolitionists John Peck...

Cumberland County

Cumberland

16.6 miles

Formed January 27, 1750 from Lancaster County. Named for Cumberland County in England, it originally extended to Pennsylvania's western limits. Carlisle, county seat, was...

Episcopal Square

Cumberland

16.6 miles

This square was set apart by the Penns in 1751 for the Church of England; in continuous use since that time by St. John's...

First Presbyterian Church

Cumberland

16.6 miles

Oldest public building in Carlisle; erection begun, 1757. Here colonists met in 1774 to declare for independence, and George Washington worshipped, 1794. Congregation organized...

Green Tree Inn

Cumberland

16.6 miles

In 1753, Benjamin Franklin stayed at inn on this site while he, Richard Peters, and Isaac Norris treated with Indians. Hamilton and Knox, members...

Blaine House

Cumberland

16.6 miles

Home of Gen. Ephraim Blaine, Commissary General of Revolutionary Army, stood on this site. George Washington was a guest here, Oct. 4-11, 1794, while...

James Wilson

Cumberland

16.7 miles

Early Carlisle lawyer, and representative to Continental Congress, occupied house that stood on this site. He was a signer of the Declaration of Independence,...

Molly Pitcher

Cumberland

16.7 miles

Mary "Ludwig" Hays McCauley, known as "Molly Pitcher," heroine at Battle of Monmouth, is buried in Old Graveyard just east of here. In this...

Major Andre

Cumberland

16.7 miles

For a short time in 1776, Major Andre and Lt. Despard, British prisoners of war, were detained in a tavern that stood on this...

Carlisle Fort

Cumberland

16.7 miles

First fort authorized by Pennsylvania. Laid out by Gov. Morris, July, 1755, "in the middle of this town," on news of Braddock's defeat. Col....

Carlisle

Cumberland

16.8 miles

Founded in 1751 as the seat of Cumberland County. Historic old frontier town. Supplied a contingent for the first regiment of the Continental Army...

George Washington

Cumberland

16.8 miles

Here George Washington reviewed militia from Pennsylvania and New Jersey, rendezvoused at Carlisle, October 1794, before marching to the Western part of State to...

Thomas Butler

Cumberland

16.8 miles

On this lot Thomas Butler had his home and gunshop about 1764; the latter still stands to the rear. Butler and five sons, all...

Dickinson College

Cumberland

16.9 miles

Dr. Benjamin Rush envisioned a new type of education for post-Revolutionary America, a useful education in the liberal arts. Rush, with the assistance of...

Dickinson School of Law

Cumberland

17 miles

Oldest law school in Pennsylvania; founded in 1834 by the Honorable John Reed, eminent jurist, and author of "Pennsylvania Blackstone." Andrew Curtin, Civil War...

William Bigler (1814-1880)

Perry

17.1 miles

Governor of Pennsylvania, 1852-55; birthplace, about one mile west of here. In office he opposed the chartering of wildcat banks and passage of "omnibus...

Gettysburg Campaign

Cumberland

17.1 miles

On June 28, 1863, General Richard Ewell received orders from Robert E. Lee to move Ewell's southern troops out of Carlisle and on to...

Craighead Family, The

Cumberland

17.1 miles

The 1886 house and surroundings were an inspiration to this family. Brothers Frank and Eugene became prominent entomologists. Frank’s nationally known conservationist sons, John...

Carlisle

Cumberland

17.2 miles

Founded in 1751 as the seat of Cumberland County. Historic old frontier town. Supplied a contingent for the first regiment of the Continental Army...

Conoy Indian Town

Lancaster

17.2 miles

From about 1718-1743, the Conoy Indian Tribe had its settlement slightly to the west of here. Closely related to the Nanticoke Tribe, with whom...

Samuel S. Haldeman (1812-1880)

Lancaster

17.6 miles

The internationally known scientist and philologist was born one-quarter mile south, in the mansion at Locust Grove. Built 1811 by his grandfather, John B....

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